The vast swath of disengaged employees worldwide remain unengaged specifically because they still work in parent-child, command and control cultures which divide people into responsibility and resource haves and have-nots. My experience over the decades has been that leaders in these cultures simply don't know better. As we all do, they do the best they can based on what they know. They don't necessarily pray for disengaged teams, nor do their teams harbor a passion for disengagement.
The most insidious dynamic is that when you're a disengaging leader, you can't know it, just as when it's often impossible to know when we're wrong about anything. What helps is exposing them to engaging options, no matter how disorienting and challenging this might be. It's possible and makes a world of difference in allowing people to more fully realize their potential.