It is believed to be so in industrial model organizations where the cultures are decidedly parent-child, in the traditional hierarchical sense where the parent assumes power, privilege and responsibility over and for the children.
When work requires mindfulness, intelligence and agility, this model creates more costs than value. The parent-child model is at the root of massive disengagement in organizations. In engaging organizations leaders are facilitators and storytellers. They succeed precisely because they help people take and share responsibility in an adult culture. Interestingly, when people are respected and engaged as adults, they act and interact accordingly.